Technology Definitions

Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA): The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) is a federal law enacted by Congress to address concerns about access to offensive content over the Internet on school and library computers. CIPA imposes certain types of requirements on any school or library that receives funding for Internet access or internal connections from the E-rate program – a program that makes certain communications technology more affordable for eligible schools and libraries. In early 2001, the FCC issued rules implementing CIPA.

Personal Devices: the use of any technology related device that is not owned by Coppell ISD.

Digital Content: products available in digital form.It typically refers to music, information and images that are available for download or distribution on electronic media.

Hacking: to re-configure or re-program a system to function in ways not facilitated by the owner, administrator, or designer.

Copyrighted: The legal right granted to an author, composer, playwright, publisher, or distributor to exclusive publication, production, sale, or distribution of a literary, musical, dramatic, or artistic work.

Computer Virus: a computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer.It is also being used as a catch-all phrase to include all types of malware, adware, and spyware programs that do not have the reproductive ability. Malware includes computer viruses, worms, trojans, most rootkits, spyware, dishonest adware, crimeware, and other malicious and unwanted software, including true viruses. Viruses are sometimes confused with computer worms and Trojan horses, which are technically different. A worm can exploit security vulnerabilities to spread itself automatically to other computers through networks, while a Trojan is a program that appears harmless but hides malicious functions. Worms and Trojans, like viruses, may harm a computer system's data or performance. Some viruses and other malware have symptoms noticeable to the computer user, but many are surreptitious and go unnoticed.

Technology Resources: Any and all mass storage media, online display devices, computers, computer printouts, and all computer-related activities involving any device capable of receiving e-mail, browsing Web sites, receiving, storing, managing or transmitting data including but not limited to mainframes, servers, personal computers, notebook computers, laptops, hand-held computers, personal digital assistant (PDA), pagers, distributed processing systems, telecommunication devices, network environments, telephones, fax machines and printers. Technology resources also includes the procedures, equipment, facilities, software and data that is designed, built, operated, and maintained to create, collect, record, process, store, retrieve, display and transmit information.

Social Media: the interactive use of online resources including, but not limited to, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, MySpace, Ning, Google Apps, Skype, chat rooms, wikis, and blogs.